Globally, it has been found that countries with strong community enterprises will develop a vocational education system and have a highly skilled workforce.
You could say that workers need to improve their skills stems from the development direction of their companies. Companies will check the skills and criteria of workers when recruiting.
Companies are generally proactive in crafting their workforce development strategies to achieve their goal; thus, companies will adopt different solutions to train their workforce in conjunction with vocational training institutions.
Therefore, vocational schools should train workers at the request of companies or, in other words, companies are clients of schools who need to understand and respond to new and emerging business requirements for curriculum design. studies, investment in facilities and teaching materials as well as the development of teaching staff. .
Wanting to realize its strategies, companies must get in touch with schools to express their desire to train workers as well as advise on training programs and receive lecturers and student interns.
On the contrary, schools should advance business strategies by establishing links with businesses; for example, they should organize regular meetings with companies to exchange opinions, send teachers and students to companies to meet the demand for training from companies.
Although there are government policies to support companies in workforce training, most companies are not interested because it is not practical. In addition, the money given by the government for student and teacher research, development of teaching staff and investment in facilities was too low because it did not take into account the link between companies. and schools.
As a result, many finely built schools struggle to attract students and their graduates cannot meet business demand; this will hamper the future development of schools.
In addition to the lack of connection between schools and businesses, vocational schools are under pressure from public and private universities trying to attract more learners due to increased enrollment quotas in recent times.
Economic growth could decline if workers cannot meet business demand; therefore, education has been identified as an important determinant of economic growth. The Fourth Industrial Revolution or âIndustry 4.0â as it is known today as the digital transformation, requires employees to develop their skills to stay relevant.
As a result, schools face great challenges that require them to fundamentally change the design of the curriculum, from investing in facilities to improving lecturers.
To foster links between businesses and schools, the government should do much more, including adopting policies to support vocational training programs. At the same time, distributors of the state budget must consider support for new vocational training programs to respond to the labor market and digital transformation as a top priority.
Government support should be given to private and public schools without discrimination; provided that the aid recipients can meet the requirements.
In addition, vocational schools should be forced to become self-funded institutions because only autonomy fosters dynamic spirit, creativity and innovation in the delivery of educational services.
Currently, the state budget allocated to vocational education is large but its effectiveness is still limited. A few companies have shown indifference to training programs funded from the state budget due to doubts about the quality of the programs, as the disbursement of the money is carried out by lay agencies.